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Apostolic Succession

 

 

The Celtic Succession: Line of St. Patrick


Early Abbots and Bishops of Armagh
Tenure    Ordinary    Notes.
dates uncertain    Saint Patrick
Irish: Pátraic    Founder of the bishopric in around 444; resigned, but date unknown; died 17 March, but the year is uncertain, the Annals of Ulster record the repose (i.e., death) of three bishops of the same name in 457, 461 and 493; also known as Patricius or St Patrick.
d. 447/8 (or 457)    (Saint Secundinus
Irish: Sechnall mac Restituit)    Occurs in the list in the Book of Leinster; served as an assistant to Bishop Pátraic; considered to be the founder of Dunshaughlin (Domnach Seachnaill); died 27 November 447/8 (or 457); also known as Seachnaill and St Secundinius.[4]
dates uncertain    (Sen-Phátraic)    Occurs in the list in the Book of Leinster, but may not really existed; his name means "Old Patrick"; died 24 August, but the year not recorded, however, the Annals of Ulster record the "repose (i.e., death) of the elder Patrick" in 457.
d. 467/8    Benignus of Armagh
(Saint Benan; Benén mac Sescnén)    Died 9 November 467 or 468.
d. 481    Saint Iarlaithe mac Treno    Died 11 February 481; also known as Saint Jarlath.
d. 497    Saint Cormac of Armagh    Called bishop and abbot; styled heres Patricii in the Annals of Ulster, 'first abbot' in the official list; died 17 February 497.
d. 513    Dubthach the First    Called bishop; also known as Dubtach.
d. 526    Saint Ailill the First    Called bishop; died 13 January 526; also known as Ailid or Olild .
d. 536    Saint Ailill the Second    Called bishop; died 1 July 536; also known as Ailid.
 548    Saint Dubthach the Second    Called abbot; perhaps identical with Bishop 'Dauid Farannaini' (Dauid mac Guairi ui Farannáin), whose death is appended in a late hand in the Annals of Ulster in 551; also known as Duach, but see entry for Fiachra mac Colmain.
d. 558    Saint Fiachra mac Colmain    Called abbot.
d. 578    Saint Fedelmid Find    Called abbot.
d. 588    Saint Carláen    Called bishop; died 24 March 588; also known as Cairlan, Ciarláech and Cairellán.
d. 598    Eochu macDiarmaid    Called abbot; also recorded as Eochaid.
d. 610    Saint Senach    Called abbot.    
d. 623    Saint Mac Laisre    Called abbot; died 12 September 623.
d. 661    Saint Tómméne    Called bishop; died 10 January 661; also recorded as St Tommine .
d. 688    Saint Ségéne    Called bishop; died 24 May 688; after Ségéne the Book of Leinster inserts an unnamed Forannán with the reign of 1 year.
d. 715    Saint Fland Feblae mac Scandláin    Called abbot and bishop.
d. 730    Saint Suibne    Called bishop; died 21 June 730; also known as Suibne nepos mac Crundmaíl or Suibne nepos Mruichessaich.
d. 750    Congus    Called bishop (also scribe)

Later Abbots of Armagh
Tenure    Ordinary    Notes.
d. 758    Célé Petair    Also known as Céile Petair from Crích Bresail, or Cele-Peter.
d. 768    Saint Fer dá Chrích mac Suibni    
? res. c. 772    Cú Dínaisc mac Conasaig    Possibly resigned c. 772; died 791.
d. 793    Dub dá Leithe I mac Sínaig    Member of the Clann Sinaig.
dep. 793    Fóendelach mac Móenaig    Deposed.
d. 794    Airechtach ua Fáeláin    Died on the same night as Bishop Affiath; also known as Airechtach grandson of Faelán alias grandson of Fledach.
d. 795    Fóendelach mac Móenaig (again)    Re-installed.
d. 806    Gormgal mac Dindataig    Also abbot of Clones; omitted from the list together with Fland Roí mac Cummascaig, who took the abbey by force (his grandfather, Conchobar, was killed in 698), rival to Fóendelach; also known as Gormgal mac Dindanaig, mac Dindagaid, or mac Indnotaig.
d. 807    Condmach mac Duib dá Leithe    Member of the Clann Sinaig; in opposition to abbots Fóendelach and Gormgal; recognised as coarb in the Annals of Ulster in 804.
d. 808    Torbach mac Gormáin    Died 16 July 808.
d. 809    Toicthech ua Tigernaig    Not in the official list.
d. 812    Saint Nuadu of Loch Uama    Also bishop of Armagh and anchorite.
d. 826    Flandgus mac Loingsig    Also known as Fergus mac Loingsig.
deposed 827/8    Artrí mac Conchobair    Acted as abbot and Coarb (or possibly on behalf of Flandgus) in 818, 823, 825; also was bishop of Armagh from 794; died 833.
d. 830    (? Suibne mac Forandáin)    Called Abbas duorum mensium in the Annals of Ulster, and abbot of Devenish in the Chronicon Scotorum; not in the official list; also known as Suibne mac Fairnig.
d. 834    Eógan Mainistrech mac Ainbthig    Also fer léigind (i.e., Lector) of Monasterboice and (since 830) abbot of Clonard.
d. 852    Forindán mac Murgile    Rival abbot to Diarmait ua Tigernáin; also bishop of Armagh and scribe.
d. 852    Diarmait ua Tigernáin    Rival abbot to Forindán mac Murgile.
d. 856    (? Cathassach)    Only in the Annals of Inisfallen and the Fragmentary Annals of Ireland; but the Annals of the Four Masters call him fer tigis (i.e., oeconomus).
d. 874    Féthgno mac Nechtain    Also bishop of Armagh; died 6 October 874.
deposed 877    Máel Cobo mac Crundmaíl    Deposed 877.
deposed 877/8    Ainmere ua Fáeláin    Deposed 877/8, died 879.
restored 877/8    Máel Cobo mac Crundmaíl (again)    Restored 877/8; the four years assigned to his successor Cathassach mac Robartaig, who died in retirement in 883, suggests that Máel Cobo's capture by the Norse in 879 put an end to his tenure of office; died 888 .
d. 883    Cathassach mac Robartaig    Also bishop of Armagh.
d. 927    Máel Brigte mac Tornáin    Also Coarb of Colum Cille in 891.
d. 936    Ioseph mac Fathaig    Also bishop of Armagh and anchorite; also known as Joseph .
d. 936    Máel Pátraic mac Máel Tuile    Also bishop of Armagh.
d. 957    Cathassach mac Doilgén    Also bishop of Armagh.
dep. 965    Muiredach mac Fergussa    Deposed 965; died 966.
d. 998    Dub dá Leithe II mac Cellaig    Member of the Clann Sinaig; also Coarb of Colum Cille in 989.
resigned 1001    Muirecén mac Ciaracáin    Of "Both Domnaig" (Bodoney, County Tyrone); acting as Coarb 993; resigned 1001, died 1005.
d. 1020    Máel Muire mac Eochada    Member of the Clann Sinaig; son of fer léigind Eochaid ua Flainn (died 1004) and nephew of Abbot Dub dá Leithe II (died 998); died in office 1020.
d. 1049    Amalgaid mac Máel Muire    Member of the Clann Sinaig.
d. 1064    Dub dá Leithe III Máel Muire    Member of the Clann Sinaig; also fer léigind (i.e., Lector) since 1046.
d. 1074    Cummascach Ua hErodáin    In opposition to Dub dá Leithe III.
d. 1091    Máel Ísu mac Amalgada    Member of the Clann Sinaig; died 18 December 1091.
d. 1105    Domnall mac Amalgada    Member of the Clann Sinaig; died August 1105.
d. 1129    Cellach of Armagh
(Saint Cellach; Irish: Cellach mac Áeda meic Máel Ísu)    Member of the Clann Sinaig; consecrated bishop of Armagh on 23 September 1105 and elevated to archbishop in 1106; died 1 April 1129; also known as Saint Ceallach and Celsus.
1129 to 1134    Muirchertach mac Domnall    Member of the Clann Sinaig; died 17 September 1134; also known as Maurice MacDonald, and Murrough.
resigned 1137    Niall mac Áeda meic Máel Ísu    Member of the Clann Sinaig; died 1139.

 

Later Bishops of Armagh
Tenure    Ordinary    Notes.
d. 794    Affiath    Died on the same night as Abbot Airechtach (see above).
d. 812    Saint Nuadu of Loch Uama    Also abbot of Armagh and anchorite.
d. 833    Artrí mac Conchobair    Bishop of Armagh since 794; acted as abbot and Coarb (or possibly on behalf of Flandgus) in 818, 823, 825; died 833.
d. 852    Forindán mac Murgile    Also abbot of Armagh.
d. 863    Máel Pátraic mac Findchon    
d. 874    Féthgno mac Nechtain    Also abbot of Armagh.
d. 883    Cathassach mac Robartaig    Also abbot of Armagh.
d. 893    Mochtae daltae Féthgno    Also scribe and anchorite.
d. 895    Máel Aithgin    
d. 903    Cellach mac Sóergussa    Also anchorite.
d. 915    Máel Ciaráin mac Eochocáin    
d. 936    Ioseph mac Fathaig    Also abbot of Armagh and anchorite; also known as Joseph.
d. 936    Máel Pátraic mac Máel Tuile    Also abbot of Armagh.
d. 957    Cathassach mac Doilgén    Also abbot of Armagh.
d. 967    Cathassach mac Murchadáin    
d. 994    Máel Muire mac Scandláinn    
d. 1006    Airmedach mac Coscraig    
d. 1012    (? Cenn Fáelad Sabaill)    Anchorite; said to be a 'pilgrim', and probably was not bishop of Armagh.
d. 1032    Máel Tuile    
d. 1056    Áed Ua Forréid    May have resigned the bishopric when he became fer léigind (i.e., Lector) in 1049.
d. 1096    Máel Pátraic mac Airmedaig    
d. 1106    Cáenchomrac Ua Baigill    Consecrated 29 May 1099.
After the see was elevated to an archbishopric in 1106, the Annals of Ulster record three more bishops of Armagh, but they probably ruled the see of Cinél nEógain (Ardstraw/Maghera), which later became the see of Derry.
1107 to 1122    Máel Coluim Ua Broicháin    Styled bishop of Ard Macha; probably combined duties as bishop under the old regime with diocesan care over the see of Cinél nEógain; consecrated 13 September 1107; died at Derry in 1122.
d. 1139    Máel Brigte Ua Broicháin    Styled bishop of Ard Macha; probably combined duties as bishop under the old regime with diocesan care over the see of Cinél nEógain; died 29 January 1139.
d. 1186    Amlaim Ua Muirethaig    Styled "bishop of Ard-Macha and Cenel-Feradhaigh"; appears to be reckoned as Coarb of St Patrick in the Book of Leinster; probably ruled the see of Cinél nEógain; died at Cenél Feradaig Cruthnai, County Londonderry in 1185; buried in Derry


Pre-Reformation Archbishops of Armagh
From    Until    Ordinary    Notes.
1105
1129
Cellach of Armagh
Saint Cellach; Irish: Cellach mac Áeda meic Máel Ísu    Abbot of Armagh; consecrated bishop on 23 September 1105; elevated to archbishop in 1106; died 1 April 1129; also known as Saint Ceallach, and Celsus.
1129    1132/34    See vacant.
1132/34    1136/37    Saint Malachy
Irish: Máel Máedóc Ua Morgair    Became bishop of Down and Connor in 1124; elected and consecrated Archbishop of Armagh in 1132, but was not installed until 1134; resigned the sees of Armagh and Connor in 1136 or 1137, but retained Down until his death on 2 November 1148; canonized by Pope Clement III on 6 July 1199; also known as Malachy O'Morgair, Malachy O' More, and Malachias.
1137
1174
Gilla Meic Liac mac Diarmata    Elected and consecrated 1137; died 27 March 1174; also known as Gelasius.
1174    1175    Cornelius of Armagh
Irish: Conchobar mac Meic Con Caille    Elected and consecrated c. 1174; died 1175; also known as St Concors and Cornelius MacConcaille.
1175    1180    Gilla in Choimded Ua Caráin    Translated from Raphoe; elected and consecrated c. 1175; died c. January 1180; also known as Gillebertus, and Gilbert O'Caran.
1180    1184    Tommaltach Ua Conchobair
Irish: Tommaltach mac Áeda Ua Conchobair    Elected and consecrated before February 1180; resigned in 1184; also known as Thomas O'Conor.
1184    1186/87    Mael Ísu Ua Cerbaill    Elected Bishop of Clogher in 1178 and Archbishop of Armagh in 1184; held both sees until his death c. 1186 or 1187; also known as Malachias, and Maelisu O'Carroll.
1186/87    1201    Tommaltach Ua Conchobair (again)
Irish: Tommaltach mac Áeda Ua Conchobair    Restored c. 1186 or 1187; died 1201.
1206    1216    Echdonn Mac Gilla Uidir    Elected and consecrated 1202; acted as a suffragan bishop in the dioceses of Exeter and Worcester 1207; died after 11 August 1216; also known as Eugene MacGillaweer.
1217    1227    Luke Netterville    Elected before August 1217; confirmed in 1220; died 17 April 1227.
1227    1237    Donatus Ó Fidabra    Translated from Clogher c. August 1227; died before 17 October 1237; also known as Donat Fury, and Donat O'Feery.
1238    (Robert Archer OP)    Elected before 4 April 1238, but never consecrated.
1239    1246    Albert Suerbeer OP    Appointed before March 1239; consecrated 30 September 1240; translated to Prussia-Livonia 10 January 1246; also known as Alberic the German.
1247    1256    Reginald of Bologna OP    Appointed and consecrated before 28 October 1247; died July 1256.
1257    1260    Abraham Ó Conalláin    Elected after 20 February 1257; consecrated before 16 March 1258; died 21 December 1260; also known as Abraham O'Connellan.
1261    1270    Máel Patraic Ua Scannail OP
(Anglicised: Patrick O'Scanlan)    Elected c. March and confirmed before 13 August 1261; translated from Raphoe 5 November 1261; died 16 March 1270; also known as Patrick O'Scanlan.    
1270    1303    Nicol Mac Máel Ísu    Elected after 9 May and confirmed 14 July 1270; died 10 May 1303; also known as Nicholas MacMaelisu.
1303    (Michael MacLochlainn OFM)    Elected before 31 August 1303, but never consecrated; later elected Bishop of Derry in 1319.
1303/04    c.1304    (Dionysius)    Appointed in 1303 or 1304, but was never consecrated; resigned c. 1304.
1306    1307    John Taaffe    Appointed 27 August 1306; died before 6 August 1307.
1307    1311    Walter Jorz OP    Appointed and consecrated 6 August 1307; resigned before 13 November 1311; also known as Walter Joyce.
1311    1322    Roland Jorz OP    Appointed and consecrated 13 November 1311; resigned before 22 August 1322; acted as a suffragan bishop in the dioceses of Canterbury in 1323, and York in 1332; also known as Roland Joyce.
1323    1333    Stephen Seagrave    Appointed 16 March 1323 and consecrated in April 1324; died 27 October 1333.
1334    1346    David Mág Oireachtaigh    Elected before 4 July 1334 and appointed on that date; consecrated before 26 July 1334; died 16 May 1346; also known in Irish as David Mageraghty.
1346    1360    Richard FitzRalph    Elected before 31 July 1346 and appointed on that date; consecrated 8 July 1347; died 16 November 1360.
1361    1380    Milo Sweetman    Appointed 29 October 1361; consecrated between 17 and 21 November 1361; died 11 August 1380.
1381    (Thomas Ó Calmáin OFM)    Appointed on 14 January 1381 by Avignon Pope Clement VII.
1381    1404    John Colton    Appointed after January 1381; consecrated in 1381; resigned before April 1404; died 27 April 1404.
1404    1416    Nicholas Fleming    Appointed 18 April and consecrated 1 May 1404; appointed (again) 11 November 1404; died after 22 June 1416.
1416    1418    See vacant    During this period, Richard Talbot was elected archbishop of Armagh in 1416, but failed to secure confirmation in time. Later became Archbishop of Dublin in 1417.
1418    1439    John Swayne    Appointed 10 January and consecrated c. 2 February 1418; resigned 27 March 1439; died before October 1442.
1439    1443    John Prene    Appointed 27 March and consecrated in November 1439; died in June 1443.
1443    1456    John Mey    Appointed 26 August 1443 and consecrated 20 June 1444; died in 1456.
1457    1471    John Bole OSA    Appointed 2 May and consecrated before 13 June 1457; died 18 February 1471; also known as John Bull.
1471    1474    John Foxalls OFM    Appointed 16 December 1471 and consecrated later in the same month; died before 23 November 1474; also known as John Foxholes.
1475    1477    Edmund Connesburgh    Appointed 5 June 1475 and consecrated c. 1475, however, did not get possession of the see; resigned November 1477; became titular Archbishop of Chalcedon in 1478; in March 1483 he was styled "Archbishop in the universal church"; he acted as a suffragan bishop in the dioceses of Ely in 1477, and Exeter in 1502.
1478    1513    Ottaviano Spinelli de Palatio DCL    Appointed 3 July 1478 and consecrated before January 1480; died in June 1513.
1513    1521    John Kite    Appointed 24 October 1513 and consecrated after that date; translated to Carlisle 12 July 1521.

Archbishops of Armagh during the Reformation
From    Until    Ordinary    Notes.
1521    1543    George Cromer    Appointed by the papacy on 2 October 1521 and consecrated in December 1521 or April 1522. After initially denouncing Henry VIII's decrees against the Roman Catholic Church, Cromer submitted to Royal supremacy. Suspended by the papacy on 23 July 1539, but was not recognised by the king, and Cromer continued in office. Died on 16 March 1543.
1539    1551    Robert Wauchope    Appointed by the papacy to administer the see on 23 July 1539, but was not recognised by the king. After Cromer's death, Wauchope was consecrated c. 1543 and granted the pallium on 23 March 1545, but was unable to take control of the see. Died in exile in Paris on 15 August 1551.
1543    1551    George Dowdall (1st term)    Nominated by King Henry VIII on 19 April 1543 and consecrated December 1543. Deemed to have abandoned the See before 28 July 1551.
1552    1553    Hugh Goodacre    Nominated by King Edward VI on 28 October 1552 and consecrated on 2 February 1553. Died on 1 May 1553.
1553    1558    George Dowdall (2nd term)    Appointed by the papacy on 1 March 1553 and granted the temporalities by Queen Mary I on 23 October 1553. Died on 15 August 1558.

     
            

Church of Ireland Archbishops of Armagh
From    Until    Ordinary    Notes.
1558    1562    See vacant.
1562    1567     Adam Loftus    Nominated 30 October 1562; consecrated 2 March 1563; Translated to Dublin 9 August 1567; died 5 April 1605.
1568    1584     Thomas Lancaster    Formerly Bishop of Kildare (1550–1555); nominated 12 March 1568; consecrated 13 June 1568; died 1584.
1584    1589     John Longe    Nominated 7 July 1584; consecrated 13 July 1584; died before 16 January 1589.
1589    1595     John Garvey    Translated from Kilmore; nominated 24 March 1589; by letters patent 10 May 1589; died 2 March 1595.
1595    1613     Henry Ussher    Nominated 24 May 1595; consecrated August 1595; also Archdeacon of Dublin 1580–1613; died 2 April 1613.
1613    1625     Christopher Hampton    Nominated 16 April 1613; consecrated 8 May 1613; died 3 January 1625.
1625    1656     James Ussher    Translated from Meath; nominated 29 January 1625; by letters patent 21 March 1625; also Bishop of Carlisle 1641–1656; died 21 March 1656.
1656    1661    See vacant.
1661    1663     John Bramhall    Translated from Derry; nominated 1 August 1660; letters patent 18 January 1661; died 25 June 1663.
1663    1678     James Margetson    Translated from Dublin; nominated 25 July 1663, by letters patent 20 August 1663; died 28 August 1678.
1679    1702     Michael Boyle    Translated from Dublin; nominated 21 January 1679; by letters patent 27 February 1679; died 10 December 1702.
1703    1713     Narcissus Marsh    Translated from Dublin; nominated 26 January 1703; by letters patent 18 February 1703; died 2 November 1713.
1713    1724     Thomas Lindsay    Translated from Raphoe; nominated 22 December 1713; by letters patent 4 January 1714; died 13 July 1724.
1724    1742     Hugh Boulter    Translated from Bristol; nominated 12 August 1724; by letters patent 31 August 1724; died 27 September 1742.
1742    1746     John Hoadly    Translated from Dublin; nominated 6 October 1742; by letters patent 21 October 1742; died 16 July 1746.
1747    1764     George Stone    Translated from Derry; nominated 28 February 1747; by letters patent 13 March 1747; died 19 December 1764.
1765    1794     Richard Robinson    The Lord Rokeby from 1777. Translated from Kildare; nominated 8 January 1765; by letters patent 8 February 1765;[15] died 10 October 1794.
1795    1800     William Newcome    Translated from Waterford and Lismore; nominated 16 January 1795; by letters patent 27 January 1795; died 11 January 1800.
1800    1822     The Hon William Stuart    Translated from St David's; nominated 30 October 1800; by letters patent 22 November 1800; died 6 May 1822.
1822    1862     Lord John Beresford    Translated from Dublin; nominated and by letters patent 17 June 1822; died 18 July 1862.
1862    1885    Marcus Beresford    Translated from Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh; by letters patent 15 October 1862; died 26 December 1885.
1886    1893    Robert Knox    Translated from Down, Connor and Dromore; elected 11 May 1886; died 23 October 1893.
1893    1896     Robert Gregg    Translated from Cork, Cloyne and Ross; elected 14 December 1893; died 10 January 1896.
1896    1911     William Alexander    Translated from Derry and Raphoe; elected 25 February 1896; resigned 1 February 1911; died 12 September 1911.
1911    1920     John Crozier    Translated from Down, Connor and Dromore; elected 2 February 1911; died 11 April 1920.
1920    1938     Charles D'Arcy    Translated from Dublin; elected 17 June 1920; died 1 February 1938.
1938    1938     Godfrey Day    Translated from Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin; 27 April 1938; died 26 September 1938.
1939    1959     John Gregg    Translated from Dublin; elected 15 December 1938; accepted 1 January 1939; resigned 18 February 1959; died 1961.
1959    1969     James McCann    Translated from Meath; elected 19 February 1959; resigned 16 July 1969.
1969    1980     George Simms    Translated from Dublin; elected 17 July 1969; resigned 11 February 1980; died 1991.
1980    1986     John Armstrong    Translated from Cashel and Ossory; elected 25 February 1980; resigned 1986; died 1987.
1986    2006     Robin Eames    Translated from Down and Dromore; retired; created Baron Eames on 25 August 1995.[16]
2007    2012     Alan Harper [17]
Translated from Connor; elected 9 January 2007; enthroned 16 March 2007; retired 1 October 2012.[17]
2012    2020    Richard Clarke    Translated from Meath and Kildare; elected 3 October 2012; enthroned 12 December 2012; retired 2 February 2020.[18]
2020    Present    John McDowell    Translated from Clogher; elected 18 March 2020.

 

The Celtic Church in Mississippi, established in September 2000 and incorporated January 24, 2005. Merged with The Celtic Catholic Church USA and changed the name to The Celtic Catholic Church of the Americas on January 24, 2020.


The Right Reverend Liam Flint was consecrated missionary titular bishop on September 4, 2000, in Jackson, Mississippi, by The Most Reverend Robin Eames, representing the Celtic Synod of the Churches of Ireland for the purposed of establishing the Celtic Society of St. James.


No ordinations or consecrations have been made under this apostolic line. It is now merged with the Anglican Catholic Line with the consecrations of Jason D. Boyd, Jordan Morgan, Lennard Panthier, and David L. Jones to the Episcopacy of The Celtic Catholic Church of the Americas in May of Twenty-Twenty (2020).

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